Canadian Province
Newfoundland and Labrador


Total population as of January 2010 is about 510,000
with about 26,000 living in Labrador.








Approaching Gros Morne NP from the south.



Tablelands, Gros Morne NP

Ultramafic rock (igneous w/ low silica content) peridotite.

  • Peridotite lacks the usual nutrients required to sustain most plant life, hence its barren appearance.
  • The rock is very low in calcium
  • Very high in magnesium
  • Has toxic amounts of heavy metals.
  • Peridotite is also high in iron, which accounts for its brownish color (rusted color).
















Burnt Cape Ecological Reserve






Burnt Cape Ecological Reserve

Unique Landscape

  • Arctic climatic conditions
  • Calcium-rich soil allow northern plant species to grow in a rich and rare variety
  • 300 different plant species
  • Many arctic flowers growing at their southernmost limits, others at their northenmost
  • Most significant flowers are:






Frost polygons







Newfoundland Wildflowers










Newfoundland Forests


Mostly Tuckamore, a stunted forest of balsam fir and spruce
trees usually near the coast, sculpted by the wind.