Ecology: Chapter 24: Terrestrial Ecosystems

 

Ecological Biogeography

 

 

 

 

 

Terrestrial Ecosystems

 

  • Biomes are biotic units and are classified by predominant plant types.
     
    • Developed by E.E. Clements and V.E. Shelford
       
  • Eight major terrestrial biomes
     
    • Tropical forest
    • Temperate forest
    • Conifer forest (taiga or boreal forest)
    • Temperate grasslands
    • Tropical savanna
    • Chaparral (shrublands)
    • Tundra
    • Desert
       
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Terrestrial Ecosystems Reflect Adaptations of the Dominant Plant Life-Forms

 

Tree leaves

Grasses

 

 

 

 

 

  • A climate diagram describes the local climate at representative locations around the world
     

 

 

Tropical Rain Forests

Tropical Savannas

Temperate Grasslands

Water Budgets

Deserts

Mediterranean Climate Ecosystems

Temperate Forest Ecosystems

Conifer Forests

Tundra